IX INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
Co-organizers: University of Maribor, Faculty of Logistics, Celje, Slovenia;
Faculty of Management Herceg Novi, University Adriatik, Montenegro;
Institute of Business Economy and Faculty of Business Economy, Skopje, North Macedonia;
Academy of vocational studies in Šabac, Serbia;
Scientific-expert association "FUTURA", Šibenik, Croatia;
College of Service Business, Sokolac, BiH;
Trebinje, 8th-11th October 2020.
The territory of the City is exceptionally rich with natural resources (moderate climate, water, sunshine, wind, healing plants etc.) that remain to be fully utilized.The economy of the city of Trebinje is mostly leaning on the electro-energy sector and in part on processing sectors.The economy of the city of Trebinje is mostly leaning on the electro-energy sector and in part on processing sectors. Lately, the advantage is given to intensive development of agrifood production and development of tourism offer and entrepreneurship in tourism, as there are significant comparative advantages for these two sectors and significantly underutilized potential.
Rich cultural and historical heritage, climate and favourable geographical position significantly influenced tourism as a strategic point in the projection of future development of Trebinje. Special attention of numerous tourists, besides the City’s center built in the Mediterranean building style, is drawn to a specific botanical and catering complex, formed out of 1600 years old plane trees.
It is a summer garden, unique in the whole area of former Yugoslavia.There is a military fortress built in the early 18th century, today’s Old Town or Kastel, with its narrow lanes, arches, gates and antique stone buildings, Osman Pasha’s mosque , the Museum of Herzegovina, numerous cafes and boutiques.
Тrebinje is divided in two parts by Trebišnjica river – formerly known as the longest sinking river in Europe. It is a river of unusual beauty and purity. On its right bank in Police, by the Perović Bridge there is a small church by which lies the gravestone of Trebinje’s county prefect Grd. Nobleman Grd lies under the oldest known tombstone in the entire B&H.
Some of the most known medieval monasteries are located in Trebinje and its surroundings .These are: St Paul and Peter’s Monastery in Crnač, Petrovo polje , Monastery Zavala on the periphery of Popovo polje, Tvrdoš Monastery with its seat in The Eparchy of Zahumlje , Herzegovina and the Littoral . Duži Monastery (about 12 km from the city) was once the seat of the Eparchy, and in the 19th century the seat of Luka Vukalović and Mićo Ljubibratić uprising headquarter.
There is a Holy Transfiguration Orthodox church in the city park. In Mostaći, the Church of St. Clement, a significant cultural and historical monument. In the very heart of the city, there is a Catholic Cathedral, built in the early 20th century. At the end of Petrovo polje is Paul’s cave, a meeting place for religious people and a place where, according to oral tradition, St Paul on his way to Rome preached for a while.
On Crkvina hill above Trebinje is Hercegovačka Gračanica, very famous for its beauty and an endowment of Branko Tupanjac, founder and executor of Dučić’s will. By Ducic’s wish, the poet’s remains are buried in this church. In Mrkonjići, in Popovo polje near Trebinje, there is a newly built temple built on the foundations of the birth house of St. Basil of Ostrog and Tvrdoš, a saint and a performer of miracles.
In Police, in Brankovina, there is one of the best-preserved medieval towers in Herzegovina – Branković tower, the tower of Vuk Branković’s grandfather or father.
City river banks are connected by three bridges –two stone bridges and a concrete one. The oldest bridge is Perović (Arslanagić) bridge- a piece of unusual architectural skill and beauty.
On the way to Bileća is Dobrićevo monastery, valuable cultural monument with frescos, which are probably work of the last great Byzantine painter Georgije Mitrofanović, or work of some of his best students.
The tourist offer is rounded off with resorts near the city: Jazina, Ubla, Lastva, Studenac, numerous restaurants with summer gardens, hotels (Platani, Leotar…), motels and other accommodation capacities. An important role in the promotion of Trebinje as a tourist centre has the City’s Tourist organization which, through cooperation with the NGO sector, has implemented a series of projects important for Trebinje’s tourism identity.
A historical retrospective of Trebinje witnesses that Trebinje has always been a cultural centre in what is today known as Eastern Herzegovina. Rich cultural heritage, numerous cultural and historical monuments, broad cultural tradition and modern cultural tendencies are connected in the unique ambient of Trebinje, in an increasingly known Jovan Ducic’s legacy: “Trebinje – the city of culture“.
By continuous development of all that has been left for future generations to keep and by investing in modern forms of cultural life, City of Trebinje is today recognizable by its numerous cultural contents which testify to continuous historical development of Trebinje.
From the time we called it Travunia, until today when it is called Trebinje, it can be said that the city has kept the spirit of the past. Two great empires, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian, left eternal reminders of the periods when the city, despite turbulent historical trends and events, resisted the influence of time and transience.
Today Trebinje is a modern, cultural community with numerous cultural preferences such as folk tradition, music, theater, film, literature and other modern artistic creativity. According to some researches, cultural preferences are based on the synthesis of traditional and modern cultural forms, where the inherited cultural traditions are well respected, as well as those to which we strive towards, through deconstruction of monocultural tradition and appreciation of multicultural heritage passed to us in the past.
In order to preserve and improve the cultural life, Trebinje is rich with numerous cultural events and ceremonies. Cultural policy of the local community, defined in recent years and embodied through various cultural events, gives Trebinje’s culture a completely new dimension. For a long time, Trebinje has been the environment in which culture represents a spiritual need, and lately even more a momentum of tourism development. Because of that, Trebinje is marked as the city of culture.
“Trebinje – the city of culture”, formulated in the context of the European-Mediterranean cultural tradition, is a sort of Jovan Dučić’s legacy, one of the most significant Serbian poets. This project and identity of the city as a cultural and spiritual centre, is supplemented by cultural events which overcome regional and national character and become a meeting place of artists and cultural workers of wider significance. First of all, there is a traditional cultural event called Trebinjeˈs Summer Festival which for many years, from April to October, attracts artist and art lovers by its various and high quality contents.
During the last decade, Trebinje has become an economic, health, cultural, educational, sports and spiritual centre of East Herzegovina. Such picture of Trebinje, as cultural, educational and spiritual center of the region, is backed up by numerous educational institutions, schools, faculties, museums, legacies, galleries, art colonies, amateur theaters, cultural and artistic societies and many cultural events. There are three institutions of higher education in Trebinje: Academy of Fine Arts, Production and Management Faculty and College of Tourism and Hotel Management.